Latin: Pecten maximus
Engelsk: Great scallop
Fransk: Coquille St. Jacques
Scallops are found from a couple of meters and down to depths of more than a hundred meters from the Oslo fjord to Vesterålen. The largest bodies are found at 10 to 30 meters depths, preferably with a strong current from the west coast of Nordland. Scallops eat phytoplankton and other microorganisms that come with the water surrounding shells. Scallops are hermaphroditic and spawn in the summer. The larvae swim freely for a month before they attach themselves to a solid surface. Shells using about five years to reach a size of 10 to 12 centimeters.
Up to 18 centimeters in diameter and 500-600 grams
Over 20 years
Scallops are harvested by divers all year, but it has eggs only part of the year, depending on their location. Research is developing the scallops as a breeding species. When hatched scallops are cultivated in boxes in the sea before finally being released on the seabed.