Latin: Homarus gammarus
Lobster is one of the largest crustaceans. However, it grows late, only two to three centimeters per year. Females are first sexually mature when they are about 25 centimeters. Lobsters thrive in the shallow water down to 40 meters deep, with rock and stone floor where it can find good hiding places. During daytime the lobster is quiet in hiding, but at night it hunts actively for food such as clams, mussels, sea urchins, worms and dead fish. In Norwegian waters there are lobsters along the coast from the Swedish border to Trøndelag, and occasionally in Nordland. Spawning takes place in the summer, and the female carries roe winter to hatch in June and July the following year. The larva swims about three to four weeks and change skins several times until they seek down towards the bottom. Then it has grown to around 18 millimeters.
Up to 35 centimeters
There has been a dramatic decline in lobster stocks in our waters over the last 50 years and it is therefore protected by conservation orders and minimum. Attempts are being made to develop lobster farming in Norway. It is also driven deployment to bolster local populations. The only legal fishing gear are lobster pots. The lobster is at its best in October, November and December.