Salmo salar (Latin)
Atlantic salmon (UK)
Saumon Atlantique (F)
The salmon is an anadromous fish, which means that it spawns in freshwater and live most of their lives in the ocean. After 2-5 years in the river the salmon fry undergoes a change that makes it able to live in salt water. This process is called smoltification. When salmon fry has become a smolt then leaves the river and heading out to sea. After 2-4 years it becomes sexually mature and start their spawning migration back to the river it came from. Fishing for wild salmon is now mainly reserved anglers.
Season: Protection Provisions restricting the fishing season.
Farmed salmon is sold all year
Norway has been a pioneer in the development of salmon farming, and since the breakthrough with sea-based farming in the 1970s retained its position as the world’s leading producer of Atlantic salmon. As coastal and export salmon industry has been very important for Norway. The tremendous growth in production, which really took off in the 1980s, have contributed to the salmon industry currently accounts for about 40 percent of the total export value of Norwegian fish products.